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Bulgaria – Policy Recommendations On Cell Phones, Wireless Radiation & Health

May 13, 2019


Regular monitoring of electromagnetic radiation levels in the country.

The 28 Regional Health Inspectorates (RHI) are involved in the process of measurement and exposure assessment of EMF exposure in residential areas. Special instruction from the Ministry of Health to perform annual monitoring of 10% (annually) of the registered base station in the region, in “sensitive” areas around schools and kindergarten, and in response to complaints of citizens. They also provide 24-hour monitoring by setting monitoring stations to collect real-time exposure data for the selected location.  Read details in the WHO EMF June 2018 Report.


  1. Proposed changes in health law Council Recommendation of the Limitation of Exposure to the General Population EC/1999/519 is still in a stage of implementation in Bulgaria (probably June 2013).

“Two differentiated zones of exposure to the population are defined in the following matter:

  • “First zone (short-term stay) sets regions where only short-term human stay is possible: hard-to-access areas, slope roofs of residential buildings.
  • Second zone (access area) sets regions where temporary and/or periodical human stay is possible, as agricultural lands, accessible roofs of residential buildings, residence areas, streets, electric transport.
  • Precautionary subzone is a part of the second zone, and it sets “sensitive” in relation to risk perception regions defined as sites for public purposes: for recreation and leisure, recreation parks, health recreation facilities, facilities for elderly people, rehabilitation and social re-adaptation establishments, children centers, schools, kindergartens, healthcare establishments. This subzone is defined only for exposure to base stations in the frequency range 850 to 2150 MHz.”  
  • For the first zone, the ICNIRP exposure limits – basic restriction and reference levels for the frequency range > 0 Hz to 300 GHz are accepted.
  • For the second zone, the strategy is to keep the actual exposure limits that are in use in Bulgaria. It means frequencies from 30 kHz to 30 GHz.
  • For the precautionary subzone, the proposal for the limit has been proposed by the population, and it is 1 μW/cm2 (0.01 W/m2). It is clear that this decision is political.
  • 4. There is a legal procedure for implementing of sources of radiation emitting in residential areas that every owner should pass. It includes calculation of safety zone around the source corresponding to the accepted limits and spot measurements for control of the emission. The main health inspector gives permission for construction or mounting the equipment.”


The Faraday Foundation is the foundation of the Bulgarian National Program Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection established by an Order of the Minister of Health in 1998 on the WHO International Electromagnetic Field Project, to investigate and assess the health risk of electromagnetic fields and ultraviolet (UV) radiation on humans.

24-hour Monitoring Station