Exposure to cell phones reduces heart rate variability in both normal-weight and obese normotensive medical students
Study finds keeping the phone in a chest pocket reduced the heart rate variability of normal-weight and obese medical students and exaggerated the effect of obesity on sympathetic activation.
We investigated and compared the effect of the radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EM) emitted by a cell phone on the electrocardiogram and heart rate variability (HRV) of normotensive normal-weight and obese medical students.
Twenty medical student volunteers, normal weight (age = 23 ± 2, BMI = 23.05 ± 1.72) or obese (age = 24 ± 2, BMI = 32.39 ± 4.78), were exposed to a cell phone (1) close to the heart in silent mode, no ringing or vibrating; (2) close to the heart in ring and vibration mode; (3) next to the ear (brain) while listening; and (4) next to the ear while listening and speaking.
The average basal HR of obese students significantly increased, while the PR interval; time domains, including standard deviation (SD) of all normal R–R intervals (SDNN), mean of the SD of all normal R–R intervals (SDNNi), SD of the average of normal R–R intervals (SDANN), and percentage of R–R intervals at least 50 ms different from the previous interval (pNN50); and high-power frequency (HF) decreased. The LF/HF ratio also significantly increased. The SDNN, SDNNi, SDANN, pNN50, and HF levels significantly decreased and the LF/HF significantly increased in normal-weight and obese individuals only when the phone was near the apex of the heart in ring and vibration mode. All changes were more profound in obese students.
Keeping the phone in a chest pocket reduced the HRV of normal-weight and obese medical students and exaggerated the effect of obesity on sympathetic activation.
Mohammed Alassiri, Asma Alanazi, Hussain Aldera, Sultan A. Alqahtani, Abdulrahman S. Alraddadi, Meshal S. Alberreet, Abdullah I. Alhussaini, Yousef Alotaibi, Mahmoud A. Alkhateeb, Abdullah S. Shatoor, Exposure to cell phones reduces heart rate variability in both normal-weight and obese normotensive medical students,