A Sampling of Published Scientific Evidence Associating Cell Phone Radio-frequency to Cancer
Carlberg M, Hardell L., Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:9218486. doi: 10.1155/2017/9218486. Epub
Miller AB, Morgan LL, Udasin I, Davis DL. Cancer Epidemiology Update, following the 2011 IARC Evaluation of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields (Monograph 102). Environmental Research 2018; 167:673-83.
Bortkiewicz, A., E. Gadzicka, and W. Szymczak. Mobile Phone Use and Risk for Intracranial Tumors and Salivary Gland Tumors – A Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, vol. 30, no. 1, 2017, pp. 27–43.
Yang, M., et al. Mobile phone use and glioma risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, vol. 12, no. 5, 2017.
Luo, J., Genetic susceptibility may modify the association between cell phone use and thyroid cancer: A population-based case-control study in Connecticut. Environ Res. 2019 Dec 6;182:109013. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.109013.
Prasad, M., et al. Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours: a systematic review of association between study quality, source of funding, and research outcomes. Neurological. Sciences., vol. 38, no. 5, 2017, pp. 797-810.
IARC Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Non-ionizing radiation, Part 2: Radiofrequency Electromagnetic fields. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, vol. 102, 2013.
Belyaev, I. Dependence of non–thermal biological effects of microwaves on physical and biological variables: implications for reproducibility and safety standards. In L. Giuliani, M. Soffritti (Eds.), European J. Oncol.—Library Non–Thermal Effects and Mechanisms of Interaction between Electromagnetic Fields and Living Matter, 5, Ramazzini Institute, Bologna, Italy, 2010, pp. 187–218 (An ICEMS Monograph).
Kostoff, Ronald N., and Clifford GY Lau. “Combined biological and health effects of electromagnetic fields and other agents in the published literature.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change vol. 80, no. 7, 2013, no. 1331-49.
Hardell L., World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health – a hard nut to crack (Review). Int J Oncol. 2017 Aug;51(2):405-413.
Falcioni et al, Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8 ghz gsm base station environmental emission. Environmental Research, 2018.
National Toxicology Program (2018). NTP Technical Report on the Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies in Hsd:Sprague Dawley SD Rats Exposed to Whole-Body Radio Frequency Radiation at a Frequency (900 MHz) and Modulations (GSM and CDMA) Used by Cell Phones. NTP TR 595.
Lerchl, Alexander, et al. “Tumor promotion by exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields below exposure limits for humans.” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 459, no. 4, 2015, pp. 585-90.
Cardis, E., et al. Risk of brain tumours in relation to estimated RF dose from mobile phones: results from five Interphone countries. Occup. Environ. Med., vol. 68, no. 9, 2011, pp. 631-40.
Carlberg, M., Hardell, L. Use of mobile and cordless phones and survival of patients with glioma. Neuroepidemiology, vol. 40, no. 2, 2013, pp. 101-8.
Coureau, G., et al. Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study. Occup. Environ. Med, vol. 71, no. 7, 2014, pp. 514-22.
Grell, K., et al. The Intracranial Distribution of Gliomas in Relation to Exposure from Mobile Phones: Analyses from the INTERPHONE Study. Am. J. Epidemiol, vol. 184, no. 11, 2016, pp. 818-28.
Hardell, L. and M. Carlberg. Mobile phone and cordless phone use and the risk for glioma – Analysis of pooled case-control studies in Sweden, 1997-2003 and 2007-2009. Pathophysiology, vol. 22, no. 1, 2015, pp. 1-13.
Hardell, L., M. Carlberg and Kjell H. Mild. Use of cellular telephones and brain tumour risk in urban and rural areas. Occup. Environ. Med., vol. 62, no. 6, 2005, pp. 390-4.
Hardell, L., M. Carlberg, F. Söderqvist and Kjell H. Mild. Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 and use of mobile and cordless phones. Int. J. Oncol., vol. 43, no. 4, 2013a, pp. 1036-44.
Hardell, L., M. Carlberg, F. Söderqvist and Kjell H. Mild. Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use. Int. J. Oncol. 43(6), 2013b, pp. 1833-1845.
Carlberg, Michael and Lennart Hardell. “Decreased survival of glioma patients with astrocytoma grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme) associated with long-term use of mobile and cordless phones.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 11, no. 10, 2014, pp. 10790-805.
INTERPHONE Study Group. Brain tumour risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study. Int. J. Epidemiol., vol. 39, no. 3, 2010, pp. 675-94.
Momoli, F., et al. Probabilistic Multiple-Bias Modeling Applied to the Canadian Data From the Interphone Study of Mobile Phone Use and Risk of Glioma, Meningioma, Acoustic Neuroma, and Parotid Gland Tumors. Am. J. Epidemiol. 2017; 186: 885–893. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx157
Moon, I.S., et al. Association between vestibular schwannomas and mobile phone use. Tumor Biol., vol. 35, no. 1, 2014, pp. 581-7.
Navas-Acien, A., et al. Interactive Effect of Chemical Substances and Occupational
Electromagnetic Field Exposure on the Risk of Gliomas and Meningiomas in Swedish Men. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, vol. 11, 2002, pp. 1678–83.
Peleg, M. Report on a cancer cluster in an antenna ranges facility. IEEE International Conference on Microwaves, Communications, Antennas and Electronics Systems (COMCAS), 2009.
Peleg M, Nativ O, Richter ED. Radio frequency radiation-related cancer: assessing causation in the occupational/military setting. Environmental Research Vol 163, 2018, pp 123–133.
West, J.G., et al. Multifocal Breast Cancer in Young Women with Prolonged Contact between Their Breasts and Their Cellular Phones. Case Rep Med. 2013, no. 354682.
Lin JC. Clear evidence of cell-phone RF radiation cancer risk. IEEE Microwave Magazine. 19(6):16-24. Sep/Oct 2018. DOI: 10.1109/MMM.2018.2844058.