Select Page

Scientific Research on Health Effects of Screens and Smartphones to Children

Share

Scientific Research on Health Effects of Screens and Smartphones to Children

EHT has compiled a short list of citations on the health impact of screens on children’s health, sleep, education and more.


Health Impacts of Screens

Gadi Lissak. “Adverse physiological and psychological effects of screen time on children and adolescents: Literature review and case study.” Environmental Research, Volume 164, 2018, Pages 149-157, ISSN 0013-9351.

 

Stiglic N, Viner RM. “Effects of screentime on the health and well-being of children and adolescents: a systematic review of reviews.” BMJ Open 2019; 9:e023191. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2018-023191

 

Boers, Elroy, Mohammad H Afzali, Nicola Newton, and Patricia Conrod. 2019. “Association of Screen Time and Depression in Adolescence.” JAMA Pediatrics 173(9): 853–59. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.1759.

 

Hutton, John S et al. 2019. “Associations Between Screen-Based Media Use and Brain White Matter Integrity in  Preschool-Aged Children.” JAMA pediatrics 174(1): e193869.

 

Madigan, Sheri et al. 2019. “Association Between Screen Time and Children’s Performance on a Developmental Screening Test.” JAMA Pediatrics 173(3): 244–50. 

 

Tamana SK, Ezeugwu V, Chikuma J, Lefebvre DL, Azad MB, Moraes TJ, et al. (2019) Screen-time is associated with inattention problems in preschoolers: Results from the CHILD birth cohort study. PLoS ONE 14(4): e0213995.

 

Stiglic N, Viner RM, Effects of screentime on the health and well-being of children and adolescents: a systematic review of reviews BMJ Open 2019;9:e023191. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023191

 


Smartphones and Sleep

 

Carter, Ben et al. 2016. “Association Between Portable Screen-Based Media Device Access or Use and Sleep Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” JAMA Pediatrics 170(12): 1202–8. 

 

“Schoeni A, Roser K, Röösli M. Symptoms and cognitive functions in adolescents in relation to mobile phone use during night. PLoS One. 2015 Jul 29;10(7):e0133528. doi: 

 

Moreno, Megan A. 2016. “Media Use and Sleep.” JAMA Pediatrics 170(12): 1236. 

 

Madigan, Sheri et al. 2019. “Association Between Screen Time and Children’s Performance on a Developmental Screening Test.” JAMA Pediatrics 173(3): 244–50. 

 


Health Effects from Wireless and Cell Phone Radiation 

 

Bandara, Priyanka, and David O Carpenter. “Planetary Electromagnetic Pollution: It Is Time to Assess Its Impact.” The Lancet Planetary Health 2, no. 12 (December 1, 2018): e512–14.

 

Pall M. “Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health.” Environmental Research, Volume 164, July 2018, Pages 405-416.

 

Foerster M., Thielens A., Joseph W., Eeftens M., Röösli M. (2018) “A prospective cohort study of adolescents’ memory performance and individual brain dose of microwave radiation from wireless communication.” Environmental Health Perspectives.   

 

Anthony B. Miller, L. Lloyd Morgan, Iris Udasin, Devra Lee Davis. “Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102).” Environmental Research, Volume 167, 2018, Pages 673-683, ISSN 0013-9351.

 

 IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. “IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Non-Ionizing Radiation, Part 2: Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields.” IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans/World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer vol. 102, 2013.

 

Sangün Ö, Dündar B, Çömlekçi S, Büyükgebiz A. The effects of electromagnetic field on the endocrine system in children and adolescents. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2015 Dec;13(2):531-45.

 

Oni, M.O., D.B. Amuda and C.E. Gilbert. “Effects of radiofrequency radiation from WiFi devices on human ejaculated semen.” International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, 2011, pp. 292-4.

 

Farah Hanan Fathihah Jaffar, Khairul Osman, Nur Hilwani Ismail, Kok-Yong Chin, Siti Fatimah Ibrahim, Adverse Effects of Wi-Fi Radiation on Male Reproductive System: A Systematic Review, The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, 2019, Volume 248, Issue 3, Pages 169-179, Released July 26, 2019

 

Papageorgio, C.C., et al. “Effects of Wi-Fi signals on the p300 component of event-related potentials during an auditory hayling task.” Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, vol. 10, no. 2, 2011, pp. 189-202.

 


Children More Vulnerable to Wireless Radiation 

 

Fernández, C., A.A. de Salles, M.E. Sears, R.D. Morris, D.L. Davis. “Absorption of wireless radiation in the child versus adult brain and eye from cell phone conversation or virtual reality.” Environmental Research, 2018, ISSN 0013-9351.

 

Gandhi, O. P. (2019). “Microwave Emissions From Cell Phones Exceed Safety Limits in Europe and the US When Touching the Body.” IEEE Access, 7, 47050-47052. 

 

Fernandez-Rodriguez, C.E., A.A.A. De Salles and Devra Lee Davis. “Dosimetric Simulations of Brain Absorption of Mobile Phone Radiation–The Relationship Between psSAR and Age.”  IEEE Access 3 (2015): 2425-2430.

 


Paper, Pen, Notebooks and Real Books Are Superior To Electronic Media

Moreno, Megan A. 2016. “Media Use and Sleep.” JAMA Pediatrics 170(12): 1236. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2575.

 

Munzer, Tiffany G et al. 2019. “Parent-Toddler Social Reciprocity During Reading From Electronic Tablets vs Print Books.” JAMA Pediatrics 173(11): 1076–83. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.3480.

 

Madigan, Sheri et al. 2019. “Association Between Screen Time and Children’s Performance on a Developmental Screening Test.” JAMA Pediatrics 173(3): 244–50. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.5056.

 

Bouygues, H. (2020). Does Educational Technology Help Students Learn | REBOOT FOUNDATION. Reboot-foundation.org. Retrieved 6 April 2020, from https://reboot-foundation.org/does-educational-technology-help-students-learn/.

Students, Computers and Learning: Making the Connection. 2015. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 

 

Wood, Eileen et al. 2012. “Examining the Impact of Off-Task Multi-Tasking with Technology on Real-Time Classroom Learning.” Computers & Education 58(1): 365–74. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0360131511002077 (April 6, 2020).

 

Mueller, Pam A, and Daniel M Oppenheimer. 2014. “The Pen Is Mightier than the Keyboard: Advantages of Longhand over Laptop Note Taking.” Psychological science 25(6): 1159–68.

 

May, C. (2020). A Learning Secret: Don’t Take Notes with a Laptop. Scientific American. Retrieved 6 April 2020, from 

 

Fried, Carrie B. 2008. “In-Class Laptop Use and Its Effects on Student Learning.” Computers & Education 50(3): 906–14. 

 

Sovern, Jeff, Law Student Laptop Use During Class for Non-Class Purposes: Temptation v. Incentives (April 7, 2011). 51 University of Louisville Law Review 483 (2013); St. John’s Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-004. 

Junco, Reynol, and Shelia R. Cotten. 2012. “No A 4 U: The Relationship between Multitasking and Academic Performance.” Computers & Education 59(2): 505–14. 

 

Ravizza, Susan M, Mitchell G Uitvlugt, and Kimberly M Fenn. 2016. “Logged In and Zoned Out: How Laptop Internet Use Relates to Classroom Learning.” Psychological Science 28(2): 171–80.

 

Faria Sana, Tina Weston, Nicholas J. Cepeda, Laptop multitasking hinders classroom learning for both users and nearby peers, Computers & Education, Volume 62, 2013, Pages 24-31 

 

Share
Share